Transcendence and Self-Transcendence by Merold Westphal download in iPad, ePub, pdf
For non-theistic seekers, seeking ultimate meaning means seeking the ultimate ideals of goodness, truth, and beauty. What is called self-actualization is not an attainable aim at all, for the simple reason that the more one would strive for it, the more he would miss it. Humans are by nature meaning-seeking and meaning-making creatures. Levels and correlates of meaning in life from emerging adulthood to older adulthood.
This involves engagement and striving to achieve a concrete meaning in life, a life goal of contributing something of value to others. Faith in ultimate meaning also gives hope and consolation that physical death is not the end of everything and there is some form of immortality.
In my life of pleasures, I seem to be looking in the wrong way. It is more like perspective-taking and detaching oneself from all kinds of anxieties related to self-interest. Ultimate meaning reflects our intuitive knowledge and presuppositions, which are beyond rational analysis.
Frankl is almost unique in elevating self- transcendence as the hallmark of spirituality and as the end state of becoming fully human. The authors suggested that this finding accords with previous studies finding that spirituality in people with schizophrenia is associated with better adjustment to illness.
Original published Kabat-Zinn, J. In a paradoxical way, self-transcendence points out that we have to redirect our focus from self-interest to others, in order to live the good life.
Society for the Promotion of Buddhism, Japan. Similarly, developmental theorist Riegel proposed that asynchrony in development among physical, emotional, environmental, and social dimensions was necessary for developmental progress. Meaning-management theory and death acceptance. This capacity to step away from ourselves allows some space and time to choose to respond with the right attitude in accordance with our spiritual values. Seeking Ultimate Meaning Frankl differentiates between ultimate meaning and situational meaning.
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